The Purpose Of Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

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IDEA was first passed in 1975. (At that time, it was called the Education for All Handicapped Children Act.) The primary purposes of IDEA are:

A. To provide a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to children with disabilities. IDEA requires schools to find and evaluate students suspected of having disabilities, at no cost to families. This is called Child Find. Once kids are found to have a qualifying disability, schools must provide them with special education and related services (like speech therapy and counseling) to meet their unique needs. The goal is to help students make progress in school. Read more about what is and isn’t covered under FAPE.

B. To give parents or legal guardians a voice in their child’s education. Under IDEA, you have a say in the decisions the school makes about your child. At every point in the process, the law gives you specific rights and protections. These are called procedural safeguards. For example, one safeguard is that the school must get your consent before providing services to your child.For H1B Visa Process Visit UT Evaluators.

IDEA covers kids from birth through high school graduation or age 21 (whichever comes first). It provides early intervention services up to age 3, and special education for older kids in public school, which includes charter schools. (Find out how IDEA affects students in private school.)

Services Under IDEA: Who’s Eligible

Not every child is eligible for special education under IDEA, and having a diagnosis doesn’t guarantee eligibility. To qualify, your child must have a disability that falls under one of the 13 categories IDEA covers.

They are:

1. Autism

2. Deaf-blindness

3. Deafness

4. Emotional disturbance

5. Hearing impairment

6. Intellectual disability

7. Multiple disabilities

8. Orthopedic impairment

9. Other health impairment (includes ADHD)

10. Specific learning disability (includes dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, and other learning differences)

11. Speech or language impairment

12. Traumatic brain injury

13. Visual impairment, including blindness

However, having one of these disabilities doesn’t automatically qualify a child under IDEA.

To be eligible, a student must:

A. Have a disability and, as a result of that disability…

B. Need special education to make progress in school

If, for instance, a student has ADHD and is doing well in school, the student might not be covered by IDEA. Sometimes schools and parents disagree over whether a child is covered. When that happens, IDEA provides options for resolving the dispute.To know more details on  H1B Visa check Jsrr

In 2017–2018, around 7 million students ages 3 to 21 received special education services under IDEA. That’s 14 percent of all public school students. The most common way students qualify is with a specific learning disability. Source: National Center for Education Statistics.

There are steps you can take if your child is denied services under IDEA. One option is to consider a 504 plan, which provides accommodations to help kids in school. 504 plans are covered by a different law called Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.

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